POINT NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge, located on the
Island of Kauai in Hawaii, was established on February 15, 1985, to
become the 425th Refuge in the National Wildlife Refuge System. The
land is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and managed
||1) protect and enhance migratory seabirds and endangered
native nene (Hawaiian goose) populations and their habitats;
2) preserve and maintain the historical integrity of the area, including
the lighthouse and support facilities, which was listed on the National
Register of Historic Places in 1979;
3) conduct interpretation and environmental education activities on
Hawaiian wildlife, site history, and the refuge system; and
4) protect and enhance native coastal plant communities.
|The land is owned in fee title by the Federal Government. The lighthouse
and adjacent facilities were transferred from the U.S. Coast Guard
in 1985. The Crater Hill parcel was donated in March 1988 by the Pali
Moana Corporation. Mokolea Point was purchased in March 1988 with
Land and Water Conservation Funds. Lots 1, 2, and 9 were purchased
from private landowners in 1993 and 1994. A Kauai County Communications
Facility is operated on Crater Hill by Special Use Permit.
||The Refuge is located approximately 2 miles north of
Kilauea town on the northern-most point of Kauai. The point itself
is the remnant of the former Kilauea volcanic vent that last erupted
about 250,000 years ago. Today, only a small U-shaped portion remains,
including a spectacular 568-foot ocean bluff.
Each year, thousands of migratory seabirds use Kilauea Point National
Wildlife Refuge for nesting, foraging, or resting. Laysan albatross,
red-footed boobies, brown boobies, red-tailed and white-tailed tropicbirds,
great frigatebirds, and wedge-tailed shearwaters all visit the Refuge.
In addition, migratory shorebirds, such as the Pacific golden plover,
stop by. A small colony of endangered nene have been established
on Kilauea Point, and the Hawaiian short-eared owl or pueo may also
be sighted. Off shore, endangered humpback whales and Hawaiian monk
seals may be spotted in the water, or the monk seals may be resting
on one of the beaches below the cliffs.
An active volunteer group at Kilauea Point spends thousands of
hours each year interpreting wildlife resources and the historical
significance of the lighthouse and the historic site. On the premise
there is the Visitor Center containing the classroom and displays
portraying the Hawaiian Islands and wildlife of the refuge. Out
at the point, by the lighthouse, there is a small museum and Volunteer
Center. Volunteers interpret the light as an aid-to-navigation for
the first transpacific flight from the mainland
|and the landfall beacon on the orient run, as well as, 80 years
of other fascinating events. The personal contacts provided by these
volunteers to the visiting public provide an outstanding educational
experience for visitors.